Yuval Noah Harari, who is the author of world best-sellers of over 20 million copies such
as “Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind” “Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow,”
gives us commentaries on what “secularism” should be in t the 21st Century――more to
come both in English and in Japanese.
Self-professing secularists view secularism in a very different way. For them, secularism
is a very positive and active world view, which is defined by a coherent code of values
rather than by opposition to this or that religion.
Indeed, many of the secular values are shared by various religious traditions. Unlike
some sects that insist they have a monopoly over all wisdom and goodness, one of the
chief characteristic of secular people is that they claim no such monopoly.
They don’t think that morality and wisdom came down from heaven in one particular
place and time. Rather, morality and wisdom are the natural legacy of all humans. So it is
only to be expected that at least some values would pop up in human societies all over
the world, and would be common to Muslims, Christians and Hindus and atheists.
Religious leaders often present their followers with a stark either/or choice――either you
are Muslim, or you are not. And if you are Muslim, you should reject all other doctrines.
In contrast, secular people are comfortable with multiple hybrid identities. As far as
secularism concerned, you can go on calling yourself a Muslim and continuing to pray to
Allah, eat halal food and make the haj to Mecca――yet also be a good member of
secular society, provided you adhere to the secular ethical code.
This ethical code――which is indeed accepted by millions of Muslims, Christians, and
Hindus as well as by atheists――enshrines the value of truth, compassion, equality,
freedom, courage and responsibility. It forms the foundation of modern scientific and
※ご参考に(For your reference)。
- 作者:H. H. Dalai Lama
- 出版社/メーカー: Brilliance Audio
- 発売日: 1628
- メディア: CD